Association of Serum Electrolytes Level with Premenstrual Syndrome


Jumana Rajia1 , Mahmuda Begum2 , Rama Choudhury3 , Mohammad Nurunnabi4


Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a significant health condition that affects a significant portion ofthe female population. Due to the ovarian hormone, changes in serum electrolyte levels can happen in the late lutealperiod of the menstrual cycle.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to find out the association of serum electrolytes levels of 30 youngunmarried women with PMS from July 2016 to June 2017 in the Department of Physiology, Sir Salimullah MedicalCollege, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Results: The mean age of both groups of young unmarried women of was 20.30±1.15 years and 20.53±1.17 years. Themean serum sodium level was 139.97±1.30 and 140.93±1.68 mmol/L, and the serum potassium level was 4.20±0.32and 4.17±0.31 mmol/L. The mean serum sodium level was significantly higher in group B in comparison to groupA (p<0.05). Premenstrual scores of irritability, abdominal bloating, backache, depression, fatigue, breast tenderness,headache, and anxiety were significantly higher in comparison to those of postmenstrual scores in the PMS group(p<0.05).

Conclusion: These study results acclaimed that serum sodium levels influence the physical and psychologicalsymptoms of women with PMS.

Keywords: PMS, young unmarried women, serum sodium, serum potassium.

  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology

    Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka

  2. Professor and Ex-Head, Department of Physiology

    Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka

  3. Professor and Head, Department of Physiology

    Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka

  4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health

    Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Sylhet

Volume 6, Number 1, January 2024
Page: 16-20